Academic Standards for
How the Midwest Was Won

Twelfth Grade Standards


Nebraska Language Arts

12.1.1 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will identify the main idea and supporting details in what they have read.
Example Indicators:

  • Read selections to develop and answer literal, inferential/interpretive, and critical questions.
  • Interpret information from graphs, charts, and diagrams, such as maps, blueprints, or schematics.
  • Answer literal, inferential/interpretive and critical questions.
  • Evaluate information for relevance and accuracy.
  • Skim and scan for specific purposes.

12.1.2 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will locate, evaluate, and use primary and secondary resources for research.
Example Indicators:

  • Use print reference materials (gazetteer, atlas, specialized index, handbook, manual, government document, book of quotations, college and career resources, and citation style manual).
  • Use electronic resources (CD-ROM, software, online resources, and multimedia presentation tools).
  • Use library resources (card/electronic catalog, bibliography, periodical, and other informational text).
  • Identify and gather resources that provide relevant and reliable information.

12.1.6 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will identify and apply knowledge of the text structure and organizational elements to analyze non-fiction or informational text.
Example Indicators:

  • Analyze the structure of expository text (cause/effect, sequencing, compare/contrast, fact/opinion).
  • Analyze who, what, when, where, how, why, what if questions to interpret nonfiction text.
  • Analyze information from charts, maps, and graphs.
  • Use technical data and procedures found in service manuals, repair manuals, and operatorsŐ manuals.

12.1.8 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will demonstrate the ability to analyze literary works, nonfiction, films, and media.
Example Indicators:

  • Analyze philosophical arguments presented in the piece of writing.
  • Analyze the authorŐs political ideology.
  • Analyze the impact of the readerŐs experiences on their interpretations.

12.2.1 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will write using standard English (conventions) for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling.
Example Indicators:

  • Use correct capitalization, spelling and paragraph indentation.
  • Use correct punctuation in sentences with embedded parts (appositives, restrictive and non-restrictive clauses, interruptions, explanatory notes, and examples).
  • Use all parts of speech correctly.
  • Use a variety of sentence structures.
  • Use correct punctuation and capitalization when writing footnotes/endnotes.

12.2.4 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will use multiple forms to write for different audiences and purposes.
Example Indicators:

  • Develop narrative, persuasive, descriptive, technical, and/or expository writing for a designated audience and purpose.
  • Write to describe, explain, persuade, inform and/or entertain.

12.3.1 By the end of the twelfth grade, students will participate in student directed discussions by eliciting questions and responses.
Example Indicators:

  • Participate in and lead group discussions.
  • Evaluate and monitor self and peer participation in group discussion.

Social Studies

12.1.11 Students will demonstrate an understanding of domestic policy issues in contemporary American society.
Example Indicators:

  • Compare conservative and liberal economic strategies.
  • Compare the positions of political parties and interest groups on major issues.

12.1.13 Students will develop skills for historical analysis.
Example Indicators:

  • Analyze documents, records, and data, e.g., artifacts, diaries, letters, photographs, journals, newspapers, and historical accounts.
  • Evaluate the authenticity, authority, and credibility of sources.
  • Formulate historical questions and defend findings based on inquiry and interpretation.
  • Develop perspectives of time and place, such as the construction of various time lines of events, periods, and personalities in American history.
  • Communicate findings orally, in brief analytical essays, and in a comprehensive paper.

12.1.14 Students will demonstrate verbal and written skills that focus on enduring issues, divergent viewpoints, and excerpts from famous speeches and documents in United States history.
Example Indicators:

  • Discuss civil disobedience v. the rule of law.
  • Analyze the role of government to the individual in economic planning and social programs.
  • Debate freedom of the press v. the right to a fair trial.
  • Analyze the tension between majority rule and minority rights.
  • Debate problems of intolerance toward racial, ethnic, and religious groups in American society.
  • Discuss the evolution of rights, freedoms, and protections through political and social movements.
  • Interpret aspects of "United States Constitution", "Bill of Rights", "Letter from Birmingham", "Speak softly and carry a big stick…," "Gettysburg Address", etc.

12.2.10 Students will analyze major 20th century historical events.
Example Indicators:

  • Explain how new technologies, e.g., atomic power, influenced patterns of conflict.
  • Discuss the economic and military power shifts since 1945, e.g., the rise of Germany and Japan as economic powers.
  • Summarize the end of the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

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