"Keep in mind, in those days, the only radio we had was a battery radio. And if the battery was up and the antenna was still strung across the top of the house, you could hear pretty good. But if it wasn't, you couldn't. But, my father had his ear down to that radio and was telling us what was going on. And we did I remember Roosevelt making his speech, you know, and declaring war on Japan. So, there was never any doubt in anybody's mind that what the United States and our allies had to do."