Academic Standards for
Nature Notes

Twelfth Grade Standards


Nebraska Science Standards

12.4.4 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop an understanding of the interdependence of organisms.
Example Indicators:

  • Investigate and understand that atoms and molecules cycle among living and nonliving components of the biosphere.
  • Investigate and describe the flow of energy through ecosystems, in one direction, from producers to herbivores to carnivores and decomposers.
  • Investigate and cite examples of organisms cooperating and competing in ecosystems.
  • Investigate and understand that interactions among organisms are affected by the conflict between an organism's capacity to produce infinite populations and the finite amount of resources.
  • Investigate and describe how humans modify the ecosystem as a result of population growth, technology, and consumption.

12.1.2 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop an understanding of evidence, models, and explanation.
Example Indicators:

  • Create a physical, mental, or mathematical model to show how objects and processes are connected.
  • Test the usefulness of a model by comparing its predictions to actual observations.
  • Understand that the way data are displayed affects interpretation.
  • Evaluate the reasonableness of answers to problems.
  • Understand that larger well-chosen samples produce more accurate estimates of the characteristics of the total population.
  • Understand that a correlation between two variables doesn't mean that either one causes the other.

12.2.1 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop the abilities needed to do scientific inquiry.
Example Indicators:

  • Formulate questions and identify concepts that guide scientific investigations.
  • Design and conduct scientific investigations.
  • Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications.
  • Formulate and revise scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence.
  • Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and models.
  • Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

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