Academic Standards for
It's All About the Roots

Twelfth Grade Standards


Nebraska Science Standards

12.2.1 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop the abilities needed to do scientific inquiry.
Example Indicators:

  • Formulate questions and identify concepts that guide scientific investigations.
  • Design and conduct scientific investigations.
  • Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications.
  • Formulate and revise scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence.
  • Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and models.
  • Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

12.4.3 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop an understanding of the theory of biological evolution.
Example Indicators:

  • Understand that the concept of biological evolution is a theory which explains the consequence of the interactions of: (1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers; (2) the genetic variability of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes; (3) a finite supply of the resources of life; and (4) the ensuing selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and leave offspring.
  • Investigate and use the theory of biological evolution to explain diversity of life.
  • Investigate whether natural selection provides a scientific explanation of the fossil record and the molecular similarities among the diverse species of living organisms.
  • Investigate and use biological classifications based on similarities.

12.4.6 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop an understanding of the behavior of organisms.
Example Indicators:

  • Investigate and describe how nervous systems function in multicellular animals.
  • Investigate and describe how organisms respond to internal changes and external stimuli.
  • Investigate and explain how the behavioral patterns of organisms have evolved through natural selection.
  • Investigate and understand that behavioral biology relates to humans since it provides links to psychology, sociology, and anthropology.

12.4.5 By the end of twelfth grade, students will develop an understanding of matter, energy, and organization in living systems.
Example Indicators:

  • Investigate and understand that living systems require a constant input of energy to maintain their chemical and physical organization.
  • Investigate and understand that producers use solar energy to combine molecules of carbon dioxide and water into organic compounds.
  • Investigate and explain how distribution and abundance of different organisms in ecosystems are limited by the availability of matter and energy and the ability of the ecosystem to recycle materials.

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