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"First of all plant your garden, hoe your garden, pick the food, tomatoes, beans, peas, whatever you happened to have, turnips – no, you didn't can turnips, you saved turnips – But anyway, you would bring them in and clean them. Like the beans, I'll do beans. You'd bring a bucket of beans in. My grandpa said, 'It would be nice if the beans would be purple, then you could pick them easier. They're green and you can't see them in all the leaves. They're kind of hard to pick. But, you take the ends off, both ends of the bean. And then if you want short beans, you break them in three or four pieces, and put them in a pan of water. And then from that process you would – there are different ways to do it – but you can put the beans directly into the jar and put water and salt in that jar. There again, that rubber ring would go on that and the lid would screw on that and then you'd put them down in a water bath or a pressure cooker, whichever you used. Again, that water would come up to a certain level on these jars. You could do eight jars, or 12 jars with a great big canner, but I think eight was usually it. That would be quart jars. And the water would get boiling and that would cook the beans, and they would be completely sterile, you know, having been boiled like that so there wasn't spoilage. Oh, you had some spoilage once and a while if the seal didn't get quite right. Oh, then, my mom used to make vegetable soup. You know, we had a lot of vegetables. She'd put some carrots and some tomatoes and some peas and beans and everything together, and do this same thing. And then, in the wintertime you'd get up a soup bone and cook it up and then put all these delicious vegetables into it and have a wonderful vegetable soup."

Norma Ehlers - Canning vegetables

   

Other Excerpts from Norma Ehlers' Interview:

My land means so much to me
First grade in country school
Planting potatoes
Fire!
Canning vegetables
Homemade ice cream!
Treating sicknesses
Storing ice for the summer
Welcoming orphans

Entire Interview with Norma Ehlers