Fall was a time of harvest and preparation for the cold winter months.
After a fall frost, farmers picked corn by hand and stored
it in a corncrib to dry. Later, the corn kernels were removed
from the cob (shelled) and used to feed cows, horses, and
"You had a peg on your hand
and you'd open the shucks and pull the ear out an throw it
in the wagon. Usually took two rows at a time. Team [of horses]
learned to walk slow. And you'd just go down through the field
picking corn. That was hard work. You had to put in long days
to get anything done." -- Kenneth
Jackson (Quicktime required)
Families picked and stored apples and potatoes and canned
other garden vegetables for winter meals.
After a summer of helping on the farm, children returned
to school. Grade school children attended a one-room schoolhouse
within a few miles of their house. Some high school-age children
traveled farther, attending high school in town.
In late fall, farmers repaired barns, hog houses, and chicken
houses, patching holes and cracks to keep out the winter weather.
Farmers usually butchered a hog or cow in November to provide
meat for the family through the winter. The ham from the hogs
would be cured in a salty brine solution and then hung in
a smoke house The salt and smoke helped preserve the meat.
Written by Claudia Reinhardt.