Winter – School
Cold and snow were not excuses to stay home from school. Only illness or a blizzard kept children home from school. The teacher rang the bell and school began. When the weather was dry, children played outside at recess. On the rainy or sleeting days, students played word games or had spelling bees at recess.
Merna Bailey taught school. She rode her horse the two and a half miles to school and was paid $50 a month for nine months. Later she made $75 a month at a school near York. She taught reading, spelling, penmanship, geography, history, and arithmetic. Herbert Heine remembers school in the winter.
“We had chores in the morning … take care of the horses, and there’s always cattle to feed. And we had to see to it the dog got something and the cats. Eat breakfast and take off for school…We walked to school, about two miles… And then there was a time we had snow or too much rain, Dad would take us to school with a horse and a sled [or] a kind of buggyBuggy- A vehicle with four large wheels and pulled by one or more horses. Buggies were used mostly to transport people. Some buggies were open, others were covered or had folding tops. we had… He would give us a ride to school, put some hot bricks for us to stand on … to keep [our feet] warm.” — Herbert Heine (Quicktime required)
Mystery Number Game
Take any number up to a thousand.
Multiply it by 7.
Multiply by 33.
Multiply by 9.
Multiply by 481.
Take the last 6 figures of your result and add them to the preceding figures.
The last 6 digits of the answer will be 285,714.
When the weather was bad in the winter, the teacher would invent work for students to do at their desks. Here is a sample:
- Take a page from your reading lesson and arrange the words in alphabetical order.
- Make a list of all the words in your reading lesson containing a given sound. Example: K sound (corn, car, king, cracker)
- The teacher put a list of words on the blackboard. Pupils copied the list and then wrote the opposites. Example: Up and down.
- Write the names of creatures that: fly, run, jump, swim, or creep.
- Write the names of animals that growl, purr, cackle, sing, laugh, neigh, bark.
Written by Claudia Reinhardt.